Pipe Problems:


Pitting copper replumbs are becoming more and more common in our coverage area. Copper is a conductive material, and it reacts with the mineral and adverse alkalinity in our water. As this picture illustrates, pits form on the inside of the copper wall as the copper is slowly reduced in thickness and strength. Galvanic corrosion – the corrosive process that occurs when copper comes in contact with a dissimilar metal – will rapidly increase such pitting thus decreasing the life of copper. Copper is available in 3 measures of wall thickness: Type K, Type M and Type L.

Types K, M, & L

Types L and M copper are the ideal pipes for supplying water within a home. Type L copper has thicker walls than type M copper. Type L also has a higher rating in terms of pressure than type M. Some local plumbing codes only allow the use of type L and don’t allow type M copper to be installed in homes anymore.

Type K copper piping is available in both soft and rigid configurations and is used in applications that require high tolerance to pressure. These pipes are ideally suited for large-scale water supplies, compressed air pipes, fire protection systems, heating and cooling system use and industrial conduits.

We’ve copper water piping systems in place and still functioning well after 60+ years of service. We’ve also seen homes in our area with 20 year old copper systems that are pitted and failing from thinned walls, dezincification, or obvious high zinc content in the copper during manufacture.

The Chemistry

Corrosion Chemistry: Copper corrosion is the loss of solid copper metal, Cu0, to solution. This occurs when electrons, e-, are lost by the base metal and the solid phase is transformed to soluble, dissolved cuprous, Cu+ , and/or cupric, Cu++, ions. The loss of electrons from the solid metal (electron donor) is called oxidation. Anodic Reaction: Cu0 ^ Cu++ (aqueous) + 2eIn metal corrosion, chemical oxidation occurs at sites called anodes where electrons are released (lost). Alternately, chemical reduction (the gain of the electrons) occurs at the cathode. The electron acceptors are called oxidizing agents. 

Cathodic Reaction: Cl2 0 + 2e- ^ 2Cl in pitting corrosion, the anodes are small, fixed points at which copper metal is lost. The remainder of the entire pipe surface serves as the cathode. The electron acceptors are called oxidizing agents. Cathodic Reaction: Cl2 0 + 2e- ^ 2ClIn pitting corrosion, the anodes are small, fixed points at which copper metal is lost. The remainder of the entire pipe surface serves as the cathode. Since the electron acceptors are chlorine (the disinfectant residual) and oxygen, the rate of corrosion is sensitive to the concentrations of both of these oxidizing agents. The rates of virtually all corrosion reactions in water are strongly influenced by temperature and pH. High temperatures markedly accelerate reaction rates whereas higher pH reactions normally decelerate them.



0 Million

The Team @ Replumb Specialties Inc. has replaced Copper, Polybutylene Kitec, Galvanized, Entran, and other failing plumbing systems across the United States Since 1992. We’re the original pipe replacement contractor for the Polybutylene Class Action Settlement. We’ve successfully replaced systems in over 14,000 homes and commercial buildings. We also developed and perfected the ‘containment’ process copied by most replumb contractors today.

Our containment process includes masking and protecting all work areas. Furniture, appliances, and all client belongings are protected during our process. All penetrations in drywall and tile are professionally repaired and painted to match.

We are licensed and insured, and pride ourselves on being punctual and professional. Our crews have been working together for 20+ years. Realtors and home inspectors regularly refer us, and account for about 70% of our business.